Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu!
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
O you who have believed, avoid much [negative] assumption. Indeed, some assumption is sin. And do not spy or backbite each other. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his brother when dead? You would detest it. And fear Allah ; indeed, Allah is Accepting of repentance and Merciful.
(Surah Hujurat - Verse 12)
The part of the verse which we will be concentrating on is where Allah says,
And do not spy ..
A person should never endeavour to unravel what another person does privately, and should never search for another persons' faults. A person who spies on others will be punished in both worlds and will be disgraced in both worlds.
Spying is usually prompted by suspicion, which has been outlawed in the same verse. As Muslims, we should conceal the faults of our Muslim brothers and sisters, and should never seek to pursue the matter to condemn the person.
The Prophet Muhammad (saw) said,
“When a person sees something in another which he thinks is inappropriate to disclose, and conceals it, he will receive the great reward of bringing back to life an infant girl who was buried alive”.
Hadhrat Abdullah bin Umar (ra) narrates that the Prophet (saw) once mounted the pulpit and called out aloud:
“O those who have verbally accepted Islam, but in whose hearts Imaan (faith) has not reached! Do not harm the Muslims, do not insult them, and never spy on their private lives. The person who seeks to expose a hidden fault of another, Allah will expose him until he will be disgraced even in his own home”.
To investigate a person’s faults or sins is also regarded as spying. One will also be regarded as a spy when one pretends to be sleeping with the intention of listening to the private discussions of others. All forms of spying are haraam.
May Allah give us all the ability to keep away from spying on our fellow Muslims - Ameen!